Color photo of the Kidron Valley from the City of David.
The Kidron Valley is the valley that separates the Mount of Olives from the Temple Mount. The valley itself has a stream or a brook at the bottom, and during the time of Jesus it became a torrent during the rainy season. In fact the valley was probably twice as deep as it is now, having been filled in over the centuries. The Brook Kidron begins a couple miles northwest of Jerusalem and as it approaches the city it turns eastward and sweeps south through what is called the Valley of Jehoshaphat. It was a very deep and narrow gorge on the eastern side of Jerusalem. After the Valley passes the Temple Mount it meets the Tyropeon and Hinnom valleys. This made the whole area very fertile. After the brook leaves Jerusalem it makes its way to the northwestern shore of the Dead Sea.
This Kidron Valley was the scene of much idolatry in ancient Israel, and it is also the place where David crossed the brook while fleeing from Absalom. Jesus also crossed the brook, which would've been flowing with the blood of sacrifices from the Temple, and entered the Garden of Gethsemane, and there He was captured and taken to Jerusalem to become the final Passover lamb.
"When Jesus had spoken these words, He went forth with His disciples over the ravine of the Kidron, where there was a garden, into which He Himself entered, and His disciples. Now Judas also, who was betraying Him, knew the place; for Jesus had often met there with His disciples." John 18:1-2
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